Level 5
Credits 40
Student hours 400
Module Leader Stuart Barton

Rationale

This module adopts a multi-disciplinary and inter-agency perspective in relation to child welfare and safeguarding children. It builds on the level 4 modules and considers the rights of the child, roles and responsibilities of professionals, the responsibilities of parents and the procedures of settings/agencies. The legislative and policy framework will be examined in relation to children’s rights, parent’s rights and responsibilities and child welfare/protection agencies. Professional practice in the area of safeguarding and supporting children is changing rapidly. This module is designed to provide students with up-to-date knowledge on the policy and practice issues emerging from Every Child Matters, The Children Act 2004 and Working Together to Safeguard Children. The Safeguarding module provides students with the opportunity to explore both theoretical and practical issues in safeguarding children and young people and in relation to multi-agency working and will look at approaches to listening to and involving children in a range of policy and practice contexts. It has been developed to meet the changing requirements of policy and the agencies working with children and young people and their families. Current policy and practice in the field of working with children and young people is leading to the creation of new services and new working practices that emphasise the integration of services through multi-agency working and partnerships between the voluntary, community and statutory sectors.

Aims

  1. To explore key aspects of policy initiatives specifically in relation to safeguarding children and young people.
  2. To illustrate how child abuse is socially constructed and to examine a range of issues (including risk), theories and perspectives on safeguarding.  
  3. To draw on the children’s rights framework and consider notions of empowerment of children to exercise those rights.
  4. PDP - To encourage regular engagement with personal reflective processes in which they have considered module material, drawing valid personal conclusions and identifying actions in response where appropriate.

Learning Outcomes

To complete this module successfully, a student will have demonstrated their ability to:

  1. display knowledge and critical understanding of key aspects of policy initiatives in relation to safeguarding children and young people including some critical understanding of the transformation of how services are organised and provided;
  2. apply their knowledge and understanding of how child abuse is socially constructed and across a range of issues, including risk, and be able to reflect on ideas, theories and perspectives on safeguarding and the relevant literature;
  3. discuss children’s rights and the empowerment of children to exercise those rights within the current legislative framework;  
  4. PDP – demonstrate regular engagement with personal reflective processes in which they have considered module material, drawing valid personal conclusions and identifying actions in response where appropriate

Indicative content

The Safeguarding module explores safeguarding and child protection (including in online environments) through consideration of the development of legislation and current guidance and changes in policy. Students consider the definitions of terms associated with different types of child abuse and patterns of disclosure and process of safeguarding is discussed along with observations, record keeping and reporting procedures. Knowledge and understanding of child development and behaviour, from the level 4 Promoting Wellbeing module underpin the content of this module and the importance of promoting children’s awareness of personal safety and abuse. Furthermore, students are encouraged to critically examine children’s rights and the empowerment of children to exercise those rights alongside the roles, responsibilities and procedures for professionals in protecting children from abuse. The referral and management of protection cases, an analysis of interagency collaboration and multidisciplinary working is also explored together with how to best supporting children and their families.

Graduate Key Skills  

This module will provide opportunities to demonstrate the following graduate key skills:

Assessment criteria

Students assessed have passed the assessments on this module will have:

  1. correctly analysed key aspects of policy initiatives in relation to safeguarding and critically discussed the transformation of the organisation and provision of services;
  2. accurately defined the social construction of child abuse and using relevant theories applied it to a number of related issues drawing on some appropriate literature;
  3. evaluated how children’s rights impact on the empowerment of children to exercise those rights identifying key aspects of the current legislative framework;
  4. PDP - submitted five significant reflective journal entries exploring different aspects of the module content and activities, many of which make use of relevant literature, include evidence of personal reflection, and demonstrate a developing ability to critically evaluate.

Assessment

  1. Online short answer timed 1 hour examination relating to key developments in safeguarding legislation and policy (40% weighting).
  2. Case Study Analysis of 2000 words. A relevant case study for analysis will be given to students covering selected areas of the syllabus. Students are given the opportunity to discuss the case study, the application to module theory and content on the Module Blog with other students and the module tutor. They are then required to submit an analysis of the case study drawing on key literature, module content and group discussions (40% weighting).
  3. PDP - Students are required to submit five significant reflective journal entries exploring different aspects of the module content and activities, many of which make use of relevant literature, include evidence of personal reflection, and demonstrate a developing ability to critically evaluate (20% weighting).

Key text

This book has been updated to take account of the rapid changes in child protection practices since the previous edition. In the United Kingdom, for instance, legal changes related to high profile cases such as the Victoria Climbie case which resulted in the Laming Report in 2003 followed by the Children’s Act in 2004, have altered interagency and intra-agency procedures.

Recommended reading

Illustrating the pathways that cases may follow with frameworks used by child care workers in practice, this book explores the importance of the cultural, political or organisational context in which work is carried out. The process of protection is followed from the earliest stages of identifying concerns, to assessment, conferencing and long-term monitoring. In addition, data from interviews with parents who have been involved in child protection investigations provides a vitally important perspective for professionals. Emphasising that practice is a dynamic process requiring constant reflection and review, this book will help professionals involved with child assessment and protection to gain a deeper understanding of their work.

Providing services that are culturally relevant is an ongoing challenge for practitioners, managers, and policy-makers within the social services. Culture and Child Protection is a concise exploration of the close links between social service practices and cultural values which offers a culturally sensitive model of child protection practice.

This book examines the risk factors surrounding children at risk of experiencing and perpetrating violence, and looks at the positive role that children's rights can play in their protection.

This book offers a survey of the field of child abuse and neglect from the perspective of modern developmental attachment theory. The book opens with an account of the theory and describes the ways in which attachment difficulties manifest themselves in children's behaviour. The following three sections look at abuse, neglect, and compound cases of abuse and neglect, backing this up with empirical research evidence and vivid case material. The final section provides a comprehensive review of attachment-based interventions.  .

This text by a recognized authority offers a clear, invigorating and theoretically sophisticated commentary on child abuse and child welfare policy. Parton critically assesses the latest developments in child protection thinking and practice, explaining how changes in philosophy and intervention have been informed by cultural, economic and political context.

The new edition of this popular handbook gives an authoritative, informative and accessible account of key areas of child protection practice. Covering research, policy and practice it is relevant to all professionals working in child care.

Journals

Websites

www.barnardos.org.uk Barnardos website is a good resource for students learning about safeguarding. It provides information and published recent research and policy developments in relation to many aspects of safeguarding.

www.nspcc.org.uk The NSPCC was founded in 1884 and their work is still to end cruelty to children in the UK. The website provides information on child cruelty, how the NSPCC is organised and  key developments in research, policy and practice.

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